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Inventory for AG3275 
Collection Index:APARTHEID ARCHIVES PROJECT, Documentation and narratives, 2009-
Collection Name:APARTHEID ARCHIVES PROJECT
AG3275 APARTHEID ARCHIVES PROJECT   
    
 Copyright 2009, Historical Papers, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa   
    
    
 INTRODUCTION TO THE PROJECT   
    
 The Apartheid Archives project is an international research initiative that aims to examine the nature of the experiences of racism of particularly 'ordinary' South Africans under the old apartheid order and their continuing effects on individual and group functioning in contemporary South Africa. The project is fundamentally premised on the understanding that traumatic experiences from the past will constantly attempt to re-inscribe themselves in the present, often in masked form,if they are not acknowledged, interrogated and addressed.   
 To this end, the project collect,s documents, analyses and provides access to personal or narrative accounts of the impact of apartheid on the lived realities of their authors. The project was conceptualized and initiated in August 2008 by 22 core researchers located at universities spanning South Africa, Australia, the United States and United Kingdom. Research for this project will take place in several phases and over a minimum of five years.   
    
 ABOUT THE COLLECTION   
    
 The Apartheid Archive Project collection is an open collection, with new submissions evolving from the ongoing interviews, submissions of narratives by the public, conferences, research and publications. In time it will offer access in electronic format to parts of the collection. Being anopen collection, the classification of its content willevolve as submission are received, thereby reflecting an order based onthe dynamics of theProject'sprocesses and acitivities.   
    
    
 CLASSIFICATION   
    
PROJECT HISTORY   
    
A1 Project Proposal, entitled "Research Project: The Apartheid Archives Study"   
    
A2 Project website   
 Layout and content of the initial Project website in November 2009 , with links to About the Project, About the Researchers, Resources, The 1st Apartheid Archives Conference entitled "Facing the Archive", Media releases, Gallery, Your story (public submissions) - hardcopy print-outs and 1 DVD   
    
    
NARRATIVES   
    
B1 Public submissions   
 Narratives submitted by any member of the public through the website of the Apartheid Archives Project. Included is a print-out of the Consent to participate, which lays out the terms of agreement before submission   
B1.1-10 Narratives N1-10   
 N1 - Male, 'Coloured', Thirties, Academic/NGO activist, Originally from the Eastern Cape - I Remember: A narrative account of my interactions with racism   
 N2 - Male, 'White', Thirties, Academic, Originally from the Transvaal/Gauteng - Not like that   
 N3 - Female, 'African', Thirties, Academic/Administrator, Originally from the Eastern Cape - What it all meant!   
 N4 - Male, 'Coloured', Fifties, Academic, Originally from the Western Cape - Waiting for Steve Bantu Biko   
 N5 - Male, 'Coloured', Thirties, Academic, Originally from the Western Cape (now in Australia) - Watch your step   
 N6 - Male, 'Coloured', Thirties, Academic, Originally from the Western Cape - A road trip with a difference   
 N7 - Female, 'White', Thirties, Academic, Originally from Zimbabwe and then Transvaal/Gauteng - Hiding   
 N8 - Male, 'African', Thirties, Academic, originally from Transvaal/Gauteng   
 N9 - Female, 'Coloured', Thirties, Anti-racism activist, Originally from the Western Cape - My first recollections of racism   
 N10 - Male, 'Coloured', Forties, Academic, Originally from the Western Cape (now in the US)   
B1.11-20 Narratives N11-20   
 N11 - Female, 'White', Forties, Academic, Originally from the Transvaal/Gauteng and Eastern Cape - One personal narrative. My novel   
 N12 - Female, Apartheid classification: 'white', Early forties, Academic, Originally from Western Cape - Tearing open the seal   
 N13 - Male, 'Coloured', fifties, Originally from W Cape - The cathedral experience   
 N14 - Female, White, 30s/40s, E Cape   
 N15 - Female, White, Forties - Growing up in durban and spans the late sixties to early eighties   
 N16 - Female, 'Coloured', Fifties, Administrative, Originally from the Eastern Cape - The back door experience   
 N17 - Female, Forties, "Indian" - A pursuit of self-worth: against all odds   
 N18 - Male, African, Thirties, Lecturer, Originally from Gauteng - My early formative years   
 N19 - Male, Coloured, Early 30s, Academic   
 N20 - White, Female, Fifties - 1960s A time of awareness - 1970s Moving from 'helping' to 'solidarity' in the context of Black Consciousness - And now?   
B1.21-30 Narratives N21-30   
 N21 - Female, "Indian", 46 years, Academic, Originally from Durban, Kwa-Zulu Natal, 23/02/2009 - Breaking out of a cocoon   
 N22 - Male, White, Gauteng, Forties   
 N23 - Thirties, Black   
 N24 - No title   
 N25 - Female, Twenties, "Indian", Gauteng   
 N26 - Gender: Female, Age: Twenties, Region: Gauteng   
 N27 - Female, White, Mid-twenties   
 N28 - Male, White, Twenties   
 N29 - Female, White, Forties   
 N30 - Female, Indian, Forties   
B1.31-40 Narratives N31-40   
 N31 - Black, Male, Thirties, Free State   
 N32 - Not filled   
 N33 - Not filled   
 N34 - Male, White, Fifties   
 N35 - 'White', 'Female', Early-30s (born 1976), Born and raised in Cape Town   
 N36 - Male, White, Thirties   
 N37 - Male, 'White', Fifties, Academic, Originally from Northern Cape - Brazil, Barack and me   
 N38 - Male, White, Gauteng - A personal perspective of "Apartheid"   
 N39 - 'White', 'Female', Early-30s (born 1976), born and raised in Cape Town   
 N40 - Male, Black, 40s, Gauteng   
B1.41-50 Narratives N41-50   
 N41 - African Black, Female, 50s, Western Cape   
 N42 - Apartheid: The many colours of madness   
 N43 - Female, Black, Thirties, KZN - Spoiling the fun   
 N44 - Male, Black, Fifties, Academic, Originally from the Free State - contradictions, contestations, conflicts, convergence, confusion, construction, constitution, conflagration - Scene 1 - Scene 2 - Scene 3 - Scene 4   
 N45 - White, Forties, Western Cape   
 N46 - Memories of Apartheid   
 N47 - Fifties, White, KZN - Ngiyikhafula - I am a kaffir   
 N48 - Thirties   
 N49 - White, Thirties   
 N50 - Thirties, White   
B1.51-60 Narratives N51-60   
 N51 - No title   
 N52 - White, Sixties, Gauteng   
 N53 - Male, White   
 N54 - Male, 'Coloured', Walvis Bay/Uppington - Snippets from my life under apartheid   
 N55 - Female, 'white', Age 50   
 N56 - Male, Indian-South African, Forties, Academic, Originally from Kwa Zulu Natal & Western Cape (now in USA) - Apartheid narrative   
 N57 - Pumla, African, Western Cape   
 N58 - Black and African, Woman, 36 years old   
 N59 - Male, White, Mid Thirties (both N59 stories might be from the same person but differ)   
 N59 - Male, White, Mid Thirties (both N59 stories might be from the same person but differ)   
 N60 - woman, White, Teacher, Gauteng, Forties - From a teacher's notebook - School days   
B1.61-66 Narratives N61-66   
 N61 - Female, White, Professional, Fifties, Western Cape   
 N62 - The man at the pool   
 N63 - Participant's background details: Female, Of Indian descent, Age range: 50-55, Australia - Memories/Recollections   
 N64 - White, Female, 60-70 age range, Australia - Growing up in Apartheid South Africa   
 N65 - White female, 40-50 age range, Australia - Apartheid Story   
 N66 - White female, 60s age range, Australia - For the Apartheid Archives   
    
B2 Student narratives   
 Submissions of narratives by students   
B2.1-10 Narratives SN7-16   
 SN 7 - Male, Black, 23 years old   
 SN 8 - Female, Black, 22 years old   
 SN 9 - Female, Black, 26 years old   
 SN 10 - Male, Black, 24 years old   
 SN 11 - Male, Black, 29 years old   
 SN 12 - Female, Black, 23 years old   
 SN 13 - SN16 - No title   
B2.11-20 Narratives SN17-26   
 SN17 - SN26 - No title   
B2.21-32 Narratives SN27-38   
 SN27 - No title   
 SN28 - Male   
 SN29 - No title   
 SN30 - Claire   
 SN31 - Emily   
 SN32 - No title   
 SN33 - Nelly   
 SN34 - Penny   
 SN35 - Tom   
 SN36 - White, Female, Fifties   
 SN37 - White, Female, Forties   
 SN38 - White, Male, Fifties   
    
    
INTERVIEWS   
    
C1 Student interviews   
 Transcripts of interviews conducted mainly by students from the Department of Psychology, School of Human and Community Development, Faculty of Humanities, University of the Witwatersrand   
C1.1-5 Transcripts SI1-5   
 SI1 - Palesa (born 1983 in the Eastern Cape)   
 SI2 - Lerato (born 1982 in Polokwane)   
 SI3 - Sibongile (born 1984 in Umtata)   
 SI4 - Pumi (born 1981 in Rustenburg)   
 SI5 - Lulu (born 1983, born in JHB, taken to Estcourt at 6 months)   
C1.6-10 Transcripts SI6-10   
 SI6 - Mpho (born in Estcourt, KZN)   
 SI7 - Lebo (born 1981 in Aliwal North)   
 SI8 - Tshepo (born 1979 in Limpopo Province)   
 SI9 - Vusi, no title   
 SI10 - Thenjiwe (born 1975 in Welkom)   
C1.11-16 Transcripts SN1-6   
 SN1 - Mavis, Johannesburg   
 SN2 - Tebogo, 46, Johannesburg   
 SN3 - Mahlodi, Northern Province   
 SN4 - Julie, Johannesburg   
 SN5 - Jane, thank you very much for your time   
 SN6 - Rebecca   
    
    
CONFERENCES   
    
D1 First Apartheid Archives Conference entitled "Facing the Archive", which officially launched the Apartheid Archives Project, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 18-20 June 2009   
D1.1 Conference announcement, Conference programme, Abstracts, Introduction to the performance of "Living in strange lands - The Tsafendas story", Media releases - print-outs from website and 2 DVD   
D1.2 Conference Report   
D1.3 Conference poster for the official launch of the Project   
    
D2 Second Apartheid Archives conference entitled "Working with the Archive", University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, 1-3 September 2010   
D2.1 Conference announcement, Conference programme, Abstracts   
 Including Introduction to an evening of readings by award-winning South African authors at the District Six Museum, Announcement of the Opening Public lecture, Introduction to a Theatre production at the Centre for Performing Arts, University of the Western Cape - print-outs from website   
D2.2 Conference Report   
D2.3 Audio-visual recording of conference proceedings, 5 DVD   
    
D3 Third Apartheid Archives conference entitled "Narratives, Nostalgia, Nationhoods", University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 25-29 July 2011   
D3.1 Conference announcement, Abstract brochure, Conference programme, Announcements of events   
D3.2 Conference Report   
D3.3 Media releases and press clips   
    
D4 Fourth Apartheid Archives conference entitled "Race, Space, Location, Dislocation: Then and Now", University of Pretoria, 21-23 May 2014   
D4.1 Abstract brochure, Conference programme   
    
    
DD CONFERENCE PHOTOGRAPHIC EXHIBITIONS   
    
DD1 "In Camera", Contemporary South Africa Fifteen Years after the Official End of Apartheid, by Cedrick Nunn.   
 500 digital images of a photo exhibition displayed at thefirst Apartheid Archives Conference 2009, 1 DVD; also included newspaper clip entitled "Nunn other than Cedric", Weekend Witness, 13 February 2010   
    
DD1.1 Images 1-20   
SAPPI paper mill and Spar supermarket. Mandeni, KwaZulu Natal 2009.   
Clinic, Newlands East. Durban, KwaZulu Natal 2009.   
The abandoned house of a landless family. iNyoni, KwaZulu Natal 2009.   
Herbal remedy immune booster discarded at the ruins of a rural dwelling. iNyoni, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
Many landscapes such as this on of the Byrne Valley in the KwaZulu Natal midlands, is of a contested nature. 2009   
 The first area to be settled by colonists in Natal and also the beginnings of the Bambhata rebellion and now subject to a land claim.'   
Many landscapes such as this on of the Byrne Valley in the KwaZulu Natal midlands, is of a contested nature. 2009   
 The first area to be settled by colonists in Natal and also the beginnings of the Bambhata rebellion and now subject to a land claim.   
Pietermaritzberg KwaZulu Natal 2009.   
Leisure Bay. South Coast. KwaZulu Natal 2009.   
9-10 Elandskop, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Throughout the South African landscape today is the noticable presence of the ubiquitious tent or marque, a sign of our times, and you can be sure that its presence is more likely to signify tragedy than celebration.   
11 iNyoni, KwaZulu Natal. 2009.   
 Very slowly the freedom of political association is beginning to reach into some areas of the country that have been 'no-go areas for certain political parties. Here ANC volunteers put up posters for municipal by-elections in the Macambini tribal district.   
12 Glenwood, Durban. Kwazulu Natal 2009.   
 Our present reality, taken mostly for granted as we straddle the diversity of our land, upmarket 'leafy suburb' with cutting edge grafitti and the obligatory 'car guard cum car washer'.   
13 Overport, Durban, KwaZulu Natal 2009.   
 In a world of branded and franchised fast food outlets we are grateful for the continued existence of oulets such as this offering home grown affordable 'killer deals'.   
14-20 Hlobane, KwaZulu Natal 2009.   
 The coal industry of northen KwaZulu Natal, which attracted large numbers of people and has had its fair share of conflict around exploitation of workers rights and mine disasters in the past, is once again set to take off. Will it do so on a more equitable basis? Will it leave less of an impact on the environment in future?   
    
DD1.2 Images 21-40   
21-23 Hlobane, KwaZulu Natal 2009.   
 The coal industry of northen KwaZulu Natal, which attracted large numbers of people and has had its fair share of conflict around exploitation of workers rights and mine disasters in the past, is once again set to take off. Will it do so on a more equitable basis? Will it leave less of an impact on the environment in future?   
24 Memorial to the slain in the Richmond conflict of 1997 to 1998. Indaleni, Richmond, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
25 Richmond, Kwazulu Natal, 2009.   
 Farmworkers dwelling. Some things just don't change and clearly little has for the occupants of this farm settlement. Mechanisation is dwindling the numbers of workers in permanent employement and the casualisation of labour is in full swing.   
26 Memorial to the executed participants of the Bambatha rebellion. Richmond, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
27-33 Richmond, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Forestry workers, mostly casual labour, are without exception transported in trucks like this one to and from the field daily.   
34-36 Richmond, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 The crunch is on for the poor, and no amount of sales and specials will aleviate the crippling effects of the current down turn in the economy.   
37 The heady powerful combination of sex and healing, particularly alluring in a time of economic crisis. Richmond, Kwazulu Natal, 2009.   
38 The continued encroachment of the corporates into the realm of education leaves an unpleasant odour. Richmond, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
39-40 Richmond, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Forestry workers, mostly casual labour, are without exception transported in trucks like this one to and from the field daily.   
DD1.3 Images 41-60   
41-43 KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 The mechanisation of the forestry industry and the concurrent casualisation of labour is continuing apace and rapidly changing the economic landscape of regions like Richmond.   
44 Byrne Valley, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 The sign of the times that caused all the trouble. Travelling around the neighbouring countries brings sharply into focus the extent of fenced off private property in SA. Many South Africans are acutely aware of the price any transgression of signs like these mean.   
45 Byrne Valley, 2009   
 Many landscapes such as this on of the Byrne Valley in the KwaZulu Natal midlands, is of a contested nature. The first area to be settled by colonists in Natal and also the beginnings of the Bambhata rebellion and now subject to a land claim.   
46 The workers quarters, a familiar sight on many farms around South Africa. Richmond, Kwazulu Natal, 2009.   
47-48 Karkloof Bike Challenge, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Sport and recreation activities such as these, sponsored by corporates such as Mr. Price in this instance, largely exclude the majority by the costs associated with entering and maintaining the activity.   
49 Richmond, Kwazulu Natal, 2009.   
 Housing for the previously disadvantaged creeps over the hill in the distance, and whilst its greatly needed, one wonders how these people will continue to sustain themselves in an agricultural region which is going through rapid economic transformation.   
50-52 KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Pietermaritzberg Canoe Club on the banks of the Msunduzi River. The legendary Duzi race is now producing its first black participants from a development programme in a sport that is still dominated by whites. Not much has changed in this sport.   
53-60 Hilton College, KwaZulu Natal Midlands, 2009.   
    
DD1.4 Images 61-80   
61-62 Hilton College, KwaZulu Natal Midlands, 2009.   
63 Maritzburg college. Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
64-65 The Duzi Canoe Club going through its paces. Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
66 The Golden Horse Casino. Pietermartitzburg, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
67-68 Signs of the times in downtown Pietermaritzburg. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
69-80 Downtown Pietermaritzburg. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
    
DD1.5 Images 81-100   
81-82 Downtown Pietermaritzburg. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
83 Department of Education. Richmond, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
84-95 Richmond. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
96 Richmond, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Forestry workers, mostly casual labour, are without exception transported in trucks like this one to and from the field daily.   
97 Richmond, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 The crunch is on for the poor, and no amount of sales and specials will aleviate the crippling effects of the current down turn in the economy.   
98-99 Two thriving businesses of our times. Richmond, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
100 Byrne, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 The casualisation of labour in industries such as the forestry have meant part-time workers having to find marginal places such as this to live.   
    
DD1.6 Images 101-120   
101-102 Byrne, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 The casualisation of labour in industries such as the forestry have meant part-time workers having to find marginal places such as this to live.   
103-104 RDP housing in Richmond, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
105-106 A trader sells merchandise from the back of his bakkie. Richmond, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
107-108 Richmond, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Mr Ramiah Ramiah shows the injury to his hands caused by agricultural chemicals whilst he was employed as manager of a farm. According to him, he was dismissed without any compensation or assistance.   
109-110 No title   
111-120 Forestry workers in the Richmond area. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
    
DD1.7 Images 121-140   
121-127 Forestry workers in the Richmond area. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
128-135 Downtown Pietermaritzburg. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
136 Byrne Valley, Richmond, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Thembelihle Mnguni and her son Thabane, recipients of a child support grant.   
137 Mantshengwane, Richmond, 2009.   
 Zanele Mnguni and her daughter Mandisa Duma who are recipients of a child support grant.   
138-140 The Mnguni homestead. Mantshengwane, Richmond, Kwazulu Natal, 2009.   
    
DD1.8 Images 141-160   
141 The Mnguni homestead. Mantshengwane, Richmond, Kwazulu Natal, 2009.   
142-144 Mr. Mnguni. Mantshengwane, Richmond, Kwazulu Natal, 2009.   
145-147 Members of the Mnguni family. Mantshengwane, Richmond, Kwazulu Natal, 2009.   
148-149 The development of Umhlanga Ridge. Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
150-151 Yunus, barber. Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
152 KZNSA Gallery and Coffee Shop. Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
153 Buxtons Shopping Centre. Glenwood, Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
154 Buxtons Shopping Centre. Glenwood, Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
155 Cafe society in Florida Road, Durban. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
156-157 King Edward Hospital, Durban. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
158 iJuba Sorgum Breweries. Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
159 Durban, Kwazulu Natal, 2009.   
160 Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 The Engen refinery next to the township of Wentworth in the South Industrial basin.   
    
DD1.9 Images 161-180   
161-165 Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 The Engen refinery next to the township of Wentworth in the South Industrial basin.   
166 Treasure Beach, Durban. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
167 Cellular mast and Church. Treasure Beach, Durban. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
168 Durban's Dry Dock's. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
169-170 Along the rail lines. Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
171-173 Durban's docklands. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
174 Warehouse at Durban's docklands. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
175-176 Scrap metal, Durban's docklands. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
177-178 Durban's docklands. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
179 Gounden's Curry House. Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
180 Natal Mercury Classifieds, June 1976. Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
    
DD1.10 Images 181-200   
181-200 Natal Mercury Classifieds, June 1976. Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
    
DD1.11 Images 201-220   
201-207 Natal Mercury Classifieds, June 1976. Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
208-211 Early Morning Market, due to be demolished to make way for a mall. Durban, Kwazulu Natal, 2009.   
212 KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Mr. K Govender, 92, buys his weekly groceries at the Durban Early Morning Market, which is due to be demolished to make way for a mall.   
213-218 A trader at the Early Morning Market, due to be demolished to make way for a mall. Durban, Kwazulu Natal, 2009.   
219 The Early Morning Market, due to be demolished to make way for a mall. Durban, Kwazulu Natal, 2009.   
220 Warwick Avenue Junction. Durban, Kwazulu Natal, 2009.   
    
DD1.12 Images 221-240   
221 The Early Morning Market, due to be demolished to make way for a mall. Durban, Kwazulu Natal, 2009.   
222-223 KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 The Magistrates Court in Durban, designed to have separate corridors for whites and blacks, still projects the monolithic nature of its intent into this new age.   
224-225 West Street, Durban. Kwazulu Natal, 2009.   
226 KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 The Magistrates Court in Durban, designed to have separate corridors for whites and blacks, still projects the monolithic nature of its intent into this new age.   
227-230 Durban Central Rail Station. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
231-234 Durban's fast growing light industrial and commercial sector. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
235-236 The Sugar Terminus. Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
237 Durban's cafe society, umhlali Beach. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
238-240 Upmarket housing development. Zimbali, North Coast, Kwazulu Natal, 2009.   
    
DD1.13 Images 241-260   
241-244 Ballito, KwaZulu Natal North Coast. 2009.   
245-246 Commuters. Durban, kwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
247-248 Rail commuters. Durban, kwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
249-250 Construction workers revamping railway station. Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
251 Durban, KwaZulu Natal 2009.   
 Hostel dwellings in Umlazi township with Mobeni factories in the foreground, catering for the symbiotic relationship of migrant labour and industry.   
252-253 Mobeni industrial area, heavily reliant on cheap migrant labour. Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
254-255 Durban Central rail station. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
256-257 Glenwood suburb. Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
258-260 Umhlanga Ridge suburb. Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
    
DD1.14 Images 261-280   
261-267 Durban North. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 The former sugar field of Umhlanga ridge are effortlessly converted to prime real estate in one of the many developer projects sweeping the land.   
268-277 Mount Edgecombe Golf Estate and security village. Durban North, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
278 Walls go up within Mount Edgecombe Golf Estate and security village. Durban North, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
279 Mount Edgecombe, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 A road is widenend to accommodate the new La Lucia airport which is in construction, and here, death vies for space with development.   
280 Burgeoning human habitation and cemetaries compete for vital real estate. Mount Edgecombe, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
    
DD1.15 Images 281-300   
281 Mount Edgecombe, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 A road is widenend to accommodate the new La Lucia airport which is in construction, and here, death vies for space with development.   
282 Verulam. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
283 RDP housing. Tongaat, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
284 Prince's Grant Golf Estate. KwaZulu Natal North Coast, 2009.   
285-286 SAPPI paper mill. Mandeni, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
287 Mandeni. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
288 A relief facade reflecting the vision and requirements of the lords of the land. Tongaat, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
289-293 Tongaat, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 A fruit and vegetable market with its relief facade reflecting the vision and requirements of the lords of the land.   
294-296 Cleremont, Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Anna Khumalo and friend assist her son Sandile Khumalo who is living with AIDS. He has been unable to access an identity book from the Department of Home Affairs, after four years of trying.   
297 The home of Anna Khumalo and her son Sandile Khumalo who is living with AIDS. Cleremont, Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
298-300 Claremont, Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Nokuthula Ntsele of Kwadabeka recovers from her AIDS-related ailments with the help of St. Clements Home-Based Care.   
    
DD1.16 Images 301-320   
301-303 Claremont, Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Nokuthula Ntsele of Kwadabeka recovers from her AIDS-related ailments with the help of St. Clements Home-Based Care.   
304 Cleremont, Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 St. Clements Home Based Care workers visit a client living with AIDS. Many of their clients live in conditions similar to this.   
305-307 Cleremont, Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Lucky Zuma who is living with AIDS during a visit by St. Clements Home Based Care counselors. His one request was for the money to by a stamp in order to post a letter to a relative to let them know how he was.   
308 Cleremont, Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Lucky Zuma who is living with AIDS receives a food hamper from St. Clements Home Based Care counselors.   
309-313 Cleremont, Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 The St. Clements Home based Care counselors say that a large degree of their clients come from settlements such as this on in Ngulube.   
314 The house of Ntombovuyo Sibutha and her six children in Ngulube, cleremont. Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
315-316 No title   
317-319 Claremont, Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Ntombovuyo Sibutha, who lives with AIDS, shows a snapshot of her wedding. Her husband died, leaving her with six kids, four of whom receive child care grants. Ngulube settlement.   
320 Ngulube, Claremont. Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 According to the staff of St. Clements Home-Based Care, a large number of their clients come from areas such as this one in Ngulube   
    
DD1.17 Images 321-340   
321-322 Ngulube, Claremont. Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 According to the staff of St. Clements Home-Based Care, a large number of their clients come from areas such as this one in Ngulube   
323-325 Ngulube, Claremont. Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 The staff of St. Clements Home-Based Care deliver food parcels to their clients, a large number of whom come from areas such as this one in Ngulube   
326 St. Clements Home Based Care workers visit client Nomusa Msimang. Durban, Cleremont, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
327 Nomusa Msimang and child who are clients of St. Clements Home Based Care. Durban, Cleremont, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
328 Durban, Cleremont, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Clients of St. Clements Home Based Care collecting food parcels after visits by the counselors.   
329 St. Clements Home Based Care counselors visiting clients. Durban, Cleremont, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
330 Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Newspaper hoardings such as this one are becoming more commonplace in the current unstable economic climate.   
331-332 Pietermaritzberg, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 South Africa's colonial heritage is reflected in the architecture of many cities and towns.   
333-334 Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
334 Newspaper hoardings such as this one are becoming more commonplace in the current unstable economic climate.   
335 Stephanie Roy, secretary of the Eshowe Residents Association, with her daughters in front of their Sunnydale RDP house. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
336-340 Sunnydale RDP housing estate. Eshowe, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
    
DD1.18 Images 341-360   
341-344 Sunnydale RDP housing estate. Eshowe, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
345 Sunnydale RDP housing estate. Eshowe, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
346-348 The development of 400 plus houses in the Sunnydale RDP housing estate. Eshowe, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
349 Eshowe, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Plasterer Paul Samuels working on the development of 400 plus houses in the Sunnydale RDP housing estate.   
350 Workers on the development of 400 plus houses in the Sunnydale RDP housing estate. Eshowe, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
351-352 The development of 400 plus houses in the Sunnydale RDP housing estate. Eshowe, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
353-360 Sunnydale RDP housing estate. Eshowe, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
    
DD1.19 Images 361-380   
361-363 This family had just moved into their RDP house within the preceding few days. Sunnydale, Eshowe. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
364 Sunnydale RDP housing estate. Eshowe, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
365 Caroline Manneson at the gate of her RDP house. Eshowe, kwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
366-367 The development of 400 plus houses in the Sunnydale RDP housing estate. Eshowe, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
368-369 Eshowe, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 RDP housing is built next to this municipal dump in Eshowe. Residents complain about the acrid stench which emanates from this dump, and are campaigning to have it relocated.   
370 The development of 400 plus houses in the Sunnydale RDP housing estate. Eshowe, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
371 Eshowe, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 RDP housing is built next to this municipal dump in Eshowe. Residents complain about the acrid stench which emanates from this dump, and are campaigning to have it relocated.   
372-373 The development of 400 plus houses in the Sunnydale RDP housing estate. Eshowe, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
374 Eshowe, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Old age homes such as this one in Eshowe, at over R5,000 per month, continue to be the preserve of the relatively wealthy, who are of course still mostly white.   
375-377 Peasant farmers growing a variety of crops, which is environmentally more beneficial than mono-cropping. Eshowe, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
378 Girlie Gumede unemployed mother of three at her home in Mtubatuba, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
379-380 The home of Girlie Gumede, unemployed mother of three, in Mtubatuba. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
    
DD1.20 Images 381-400   
381-382 The home of Girlie Gumede, unemployed mother of three, in Mtubatuba. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
383-385 KwaMshaya, Mtubatuba, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Malakuphi Ndlovu, whose family were forcibly removed from their land in the St Lucia wetlands in 1957, her first task of the day is to rise at 4am in order to beat the queues at the pump, where she draws water for her household; then at 6am she heads for her garden, returning at 8am to do the rest of her chores.   
386 KwaMshaya, Mtubatuba, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Malakuphi Ndlovu and her father-in-law Ambrose Mpheseni Ndlovu who were forcibly removed from their land in the St Lucia wetlands in 1957, her first task of the day is to rise at 4am in order to beat the queues at the pump, where she draws water for her household; then at 6am she heads for her garden, returning at 8am to do the rest of her chores.   
387 KwaMshaya, Mtubatuba, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Ambrose Mpheseni Ndlovu who was forcibly removed from his land in the St Lucia wetlands in 1957.   
388-389 KwaMshaya, Mtubatuba, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Malakuphi Ndlovu, whose family were forcibly removed from their land in the St Lucia wetlands in 1957. Her first task of the day is to rise at 4am in order to beat the queues at the pump, where she draws water for her household; then at 6am she heads for her garden, returning at 8am to do the rest of her chores.   
390-391 KwaMshaya, Mtubatuba, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Malakuphi Ndlovu, whose family were forcibly removed from their land in the St Lucia wetlands in 1957, watering her vegetable garden, which is five kilometres from her home. Her first task of the day is to rise at 4am in order to beat the queues at the pump, where she draws water for her household; then at 6am she heads for her garden, returning at 8am to do the rest of her chores.   
392-393 KwaMshaya, Mtubatuba, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 The vegetable garden of Malakuphi Ndlovu, whose family were forcibly removed from their land in the St Lucia wetlands in 1957, which is five kilometres from her home. Her first task of the day is to rise at 4am in order to beat the queues at the pump, where she draws water for her household; then at 6am she heads for her garden, returning at 8am to do the rest of her chores.   
394 KwaMshaya, Mtubatuba, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Malakuphi Ndlovu, whose family were forcibly removed from their land in the St Lucia wetlands in 1957, watering her vegetable garden, which is five kilometres from her home. Her first task of the day is to rise at 4am in order to beat the queues at the pump, where she draws water for her household; then at 6am she heads for her garden, returning at 8am to do the rest of her chores.   
395 KwaMshaya, Mtubatuba, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 The vegetable garden of Malakuphi Ndlovu, whose family were forcibly removed from their land in the St Lucia wetlands in 1957, which is five kilometres from her home. Her first task of the day is to rise at 4am in order to beat the queues at the pump, where she draws water for her household; then at 6am she heads for her garden, returning at 8am to do the rest of her chores.   
396 Sebenzile Goodness Ndlovu watering her vegetable garden five km from her home in KwaMshaya. Mtubatuba, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
397 No title   
398-399 KwaMshaya, Mtubatuba, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Malakuphi Ndlovu, whose family were forcibly removed from their land in the St Lucia wetlands in 1957, watering her vegetable garden, which is five kilometres from her home. Her first task of the day is to rise at 4am in order to beat the queues at the pump, where she draws water for her household; then at 6am she heads for her garden, returning at 8am to do the rest of her chores.   
400 No title   
    
DD1.21 Images 401-420   
401-406 KwaMshaya, Mtubatuba, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Malakuphi Ndlovu, whose family were forcibly removed from their land in the St Lucia wetlands in 1957, watering her vegetable garden, which is five kilometres from her home. Her first task of the day is to rise at 4am in order to beat the queues at the pump, where she draws water for her household; then at 6am she heads for her garden, returning at 8am to do the rest of her chores.   
407 KwaMshaya, Mtubatuba, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Malakuphi Ndlovu serves her father-in-law Ambrose Mpheseni Ndlovu breakfast. The families were forcibly removed from their land in the St Lucia wetlands in 1957. her first task of the day is to rise at 4am in order to beat the queues at the pump, where she draws water for her household; then at 6am she heads for her garden, returning at 8am to do the rest of her chores.   
408-411 KwaMshaya, Mtubatuba, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Malakuphi Ndlovu with her grand child Muhle. Muhle's mother is completing her matric at the nearby high school.   
412 The grand son of Malakuphi Ndlovu at her home in KwaMshaya, Mtubatuba, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
413-414 Herbal products for sale on the streets of Mtubatuba, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
415-420 KwaMsane. Mtubatuba, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 The home and vegetable garden of Girlie Gumede, unemployed mother of three, in KwaMsane. Mtubatuba, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
    
DD1.22 Images 421-440   
421 The home of Girlie Gumede, unemployed mother of three, in Mtubatuba. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
422 No title   
423 Child grant welfare line. Mtubatuba, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
424-426 The streets of central Durban. Kwazulu Natal, 2009.   
427 Gateway Mall. Durban North, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
428-429 Pavilion mall. Durban North, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
430-433 Sun Coast Casino. Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
434 Patrons at a pub watching an international rugby match. Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
435 Umhlanga beach. Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
436-440 Umhlanga beach front. Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
    
DD1.23 Images 441-460   
441-443 Umhlanga beach. Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
444 The construction of the Moses Mabhida stadium in Durban. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
445-449 Child grant welfare line. Tongaat, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
450 The sugar industry town of Tongaat. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
451-452 Facade in the sugar industry town of Tongaat. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
453 Entrance in the sugar industry town of Tongaat. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
454-456 Facade in the sugar industry town of Tongaat. KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
457-458 The sugar fields of KwaZulu Natal, which still account for a great deal of the provinces economy, and in which labour is cheap and expendable. Tongaat, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 Tongaat, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
459 The former sugar fields of Ballito are effortlessly converted to prime real estate in one of the many development projects sweeping the land.   
460 KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
 The former sugar fields of Ballito are effortlessly converted to prime real estate in one of the many development projects sweeping the land.   
    
DD1.24 Images 461-480   
461-462 A security guard patrols the to be built Palm Ridge security housing estate in Umhlali, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
463-472 Workers converge on the taxi rank for their commute home. Ballito, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
473-480 Mobeni Industrial area. Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
    
DD1.25 Images 481-503   
481-490 Mobeni Industrial area. Durban, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.   
491-503 Byrne Farm school children on their way home after school. Richmond, KwaZulu Natal, 2009.