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Inventory for A3377 
Collection Index:RADAR AT THE BERNARD PRICE INSTITUTE
Collection Name:RADAR AT THE BERNARD PRICE INSTITUTE
A3377 Radar at the Bernard Price Institute 
  
 Copyright 2014, Historical Papers Research Archive, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa 
  
  
 Digital collection. The original bound volume is stored at the Archives and Records office of the University of the Witwatersrand, Senate House. 
  
  
"Radar at the Bernard Price Institute, World War II, 1939-1945"        
  
 The large leather bound original volume contains photographs and handwritten descriptions relating to the radar research and development at the Bernard Price Institute. 
 The radar development for the detection and location of aircraft and ships by radar, had been started by Britain some years before the outbreak of World War II. South African scientists were appointed to gather information for the research programme under the leadership of Dr. B.F.J. Schonland, then Director of the Bernard Price Institute of Geophysical Research and Professor of Geophysics at the University of the Witwatersrand, to gather information for the research programme. 
 The institute committed itself entirely to war work and became the headquarters for what became known as the Special Signals Services which was tasked with preparing to train people in the use of British radar. Britain shared secret information on radar technology with its Dominions, and in South Africas case, this transfer of information occurred primarily through Schonland being briefed directly by Dr Ernest Marsden. Ever the scientist, Schonland, rather than serve purely in a training capacity, set up a research and development team, and based on the information he received from Britain, the team developed a South African version of radar within a few months using components scavenged from radio shops. The South African radars functionality was first demonstrated in mid December 1939. 
 The album was comiled by Dr G.R. Bozzoli, together with members of the radar team, at the request of the committee formed to dissolve the team at the end of WWII. Members of the team included Basil Schonland, Bernard Price and Humphry Raikes (former Vice Chancellor of Wits). 
  
"On the Development of Radar in South Africa and Its Use in the Second World War", B.A. Austin, 2016        
 Dr Brian Austin is a former member of staff of the School of Electrical and Information Engineering at Wits University. His article relates to the development of Radar at the Bernard Price Institute during World War II, and has been added to this collection with permission from the author. 
 The article originally appeared in the URSI Radio Science Bulletin, please use the following URL: http://www.ursi.org/content/RSB/RSB_358_2016_09.pdf . 
 It should be cited as follows: 
 B. A. Austin, On the Development of Radar in South Africa and Its Use in the Second World War, URSI Radio Science Bulletin, No. 358, September 2016, pp. 69-81.