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Inventory for A3079 
Collection Index:MISSING VOICES - ORAL HISTORY PROJECT, Interviews and documents, 2004-2012
Collection Name:MISSING VOICES - ORAL HISTORY PROJECT, Interviews and documents, 2004-2012
Interviews:HISTORICAL PAPERSí MISSING VOICES ORAL HISTORY PROJECT:• click to view
Photos:HISTORICAL PAPERSí MISSING VOICES ORAL HISTORY PROJECT: interviews with ex-members of Self-Defence Units, East Rand.• click to view
A3079 "MISSING VOICES" ORAL HISTORY PROJECT, 2004-2012   
    
 Copyright 2014, Historical Papers, The Library, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa   
    
    
 The collection contains the interviews which were conducted from 2004-2012 as part of a unique and pioneering Archival oral history project undertaken by the Historical Papers Research Archive, University of the Witwatersrand.   
 The project collected personal experiences, perceptions and stories from former members of the Self Defence Units (SDUs) from Thokoza and Katlehong on the East Rand (Gauteng) and former members of the South African Defence Force (SADF), mainly ex-32 Battalion, ex-31 Battalion, Koevoet and from other permanent force and conscripts.   
    
 Please note, there is RESTRICTED ACCESS to parts of the collection, which is clearly marked in the inventory. Motivation of its use will be requested.   
    
 The digitisation of the audio recordings in the various sections of this collection was made possible by a grant from the Carnegie Foundation in 2012. The audio recordings may be accessed at the Historical Papers archive. Please refer to the list of digitised audio material on our website.   
    
    
 CLASSIFICATION   
    
INTERVIEWS WITH EX-MEMBERS OF SELF-DEFENCE UNITS (SDU's)   
INTERVIEWS WITH EX-MEMBERS OF NO.32 BATTALION   
VARIOUS DOCUMENTATION ABOUT THE SOUTH AFRICAN BORDER WAR   
INTERVIEWS WITH FORMER MEMBERS OF THE PERMANENT FORCE, NATIONAL SERVICEMEN AND CITIZEN FORCE   
INTERVIEWS WITH FORMER MEMBERS OF THE SECRET SERVICE   
RELATED STORIES (INTERVIEWS)   
DOCUMENTATION RELATING TO D-F   
RELEVANT ARTICLES AND DOCUMENTS   
ANOTHER MISSING VOICE   
PROPAGANDA PUBLICATIONS   
KOEVOET   
    
    
    
 COLLECTION   
    
INTERVIEWS WITH EX-MEMBERS OF SELF-DEFENCE UNITS (SDU's) - RESTRICTED ACCESS FOR THIS SECTION   
    
 This part of the collection consists of interviews with ex-members of Self-Defence Units (SDU's), conducted by Sally Sealey in June 2004. There are 33 interviews recorded on tape cassettes, and photographs of some of the interviewed(see photograph inventory).   
 Transcripts are available of most of the interviews as hardcopy and digitally on CD.   
 Sally Sealey wrote an overview of her findings at the end of the project, as well as a summary of the interviews. See A3   
    
A1 TAPES WITH INTERVIEWS   
 See section A2 for interviews where transcripts are available.   
    
A1.1 Victor Wonder Mngomezulu, a.k.a. Mchacho (SDU)   
 2 tapes, both 90 mins, recorded on sides A, B & half of side 2 on A; n.d.   
A1.2 Sipho Shoes Mazibuko (SDU)   
 1 tape, 90 mins, recorded on half of side A only; n.d.   
A1.3 Oupa Friday Tshabalala (SDU)   
 1 tape, 60 mins, recorded on side A and of side B (Inter Interpreter helping out part of the time); 8 June 2004   
A1.4 Vusi Nelson Bashin Mbata (SDU)   
 1 tape, 90 mins, recorded on side A only; 7 June 2004   
A1.5 Lucky Mthimkulu Chisa Boy (SDU)   
 1 tape, 90 mins, rec. on just over of side A only; 9 June 2004   
A1.6 Sidney Vincent Nkosi (SDU)   
 1 tape, 90 mins, rec. on side A and a few minutes of side B; 9 June 2004   
A1.7 Lucky Dlamini (SDU)   
 1 tape, 90 mins, recorded on most of side A only; 10 June 2004   
A1.8 Winnie Ngoanana Nkosi (APLA)   
 1 tape, 90 mins, recorded on of side A only; 10 June 2004   
A1.9 Lucky Seepe (SDU Commander and part of central command)   
 2 tapes, both 60 mins, rec. on sides A, B and of 2nd side A; 12 June 2004   
A1.10 Sephiwe Leslie Fusi Mokoena (SDU from Katlehong and now a member of the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Police)   
 1 tape, 60 mins, rec. on side A and 1/3 of side B; 12 June 2004   
A1.11 George Melusi Ndlozi (SDU - Katlehong and former Community Constable & TRC investigator)   
 4 tapes, all 60 mins, all recorded on both sides; 14 June 2004   
A1.12 Aubrey Mgidi Radebe (SDU Thokoza)   
 2 tapes, both 60 mins, rec. on sides A, B and 2/3 of 2nd side A; 14 June 2004   
A1.13 Mahlomola Israel Mabote (MK member and ANC Councillor in the Ekurhuleni Metro)   
 1 tape, 60 mins, rec. on side A and of side B; 9 June 2004   
A1.14 Superintendent Simon Tsotetsi (Crime Intelligence Service, Germiston, and former member of ANC Peace Desk)   
 1 tape, 60 mins, rec. on side A and 1/3 of side B; 15 June 2004   
A1.15 Sergeant Siphiwe Percy Mpanza (SDU and former Community Constable)   
 1 tape, 60 mins, rec. on side A and of side B; 15 June 2004   
A1.16 Fanwell Tshabalala (Thokoza)   
 1 tape, 90 mins, rec. on of side A only; 10 June 2004   
A1.17 Mandla Sibeko (SDU Ncala Section, Katlehong)   
 2 tapes, both 60 mins, rec. on sides A, B and 1/3 of 2nd side A; 15 June 2004   
A1.18 Inspector Charles Dlamini (SAPS Thokoza)   
 1 tape, 90 mins, rec. on side A and of side B; 11 June 2004   
A1.19 Duke Tshabalala (SDU Thokoza)   
 1 tape, 90 mins, rec. on side A and of side B; 10 June 2004   
A1.20 Bla Mduduzi Khubela (SDU Commander, Thokoza)   
 1 tape, 90 mins, rec. on side A and of side B; 8 June 2004   
A1.21 J.M. Mabuza Boikie (SDU and former Community Constable, Katlehong)   
 1 tape, 90 mins, rec. on of side A only; 10 June 2004   
A1.22 J.S. Masoka Makhahleni (SDU and former Community Constable, Thokoza)   
 1 tape, 60 mins, rec. on side A and most of side B; 12 June 2004   
A1.23 Nqose Mazibuko (SDU Thokoza)   
 1 tape, 90 mins, rec. on side A and of side B; 8 June 2004   
A1.24 Louis Sibeko (Councillor and head of Transport, Ekurhuleni Metro)   
 2 tapes, both 60 mins, rec. on sides A, B and 2/3 of 2nd side A; 21 June 2004   
A1.25 Mosa Msimango (SDU and former Community Constable, Thokoza)   
 2 tapes, both 60 mins, rec. on sides A, B and of 2nd side A only; 18 June 2004   
A1.26 Sergeant Bongani Fana Hlatswayo (SDU and former Community Constable, Thokoza, now a member of the SAPS)   
 2 tapes, both 60 mins, rec. on sides A, B and of 2nd side A; 17 June 2004   
A1.27 Nkosinathi Jimmy Makhondo (SDU Thokoza)   
 2 tapes, both 60 mins, rec. on sides A, B and 1/3 of 2nd side A; 18 June 2004   
A1.28 Meshak Tseko Thulo (SDU Thokoza)   
 2 tapes, both 60 mins, rec. on sides A, B and of side A; 22 June 2004   
A1.29 Bongani Caswell Nkosa (Chief commander, Thokoza SDUs)   
 2 tapes, both 60 mins, rec. on sides A, B and of 2nd side A; 27 June 2004   
A1.30 Dalixolo Meneer Mqubi (SDU Thokoza)   
 1 tape, 60 mins, rec. on side A and of side B; 21 June 2004   
A1.31 Inspector Godfrey Maditse (SAPS based in Thokoza)   
 1 tape, 60 mins, rec. on side A and of side B; 28 June 2004   
A1.32 Mduduzi Mavundla, Nkosinathi Mabatha & Lungelo Mfunda (SPUs from Lindelani, KwaZulu-Natal)   
 2 tapes, both 60 mins, rec. on sides A, B and of 2nd side A; 24 June 2004   
A1.33 Martin Mbuyazi (SDU northern Natal)   
 2 tapes, both 60 mins, rec. on sides A, B and 2/3 of 2nd side A; 25 June 2004   
    
    
A2 TRANSCRIPTS OF TAPE RECORDINGS IN BOUND VOLUMES   
    
A2.1 Volume 1   
 VictorWonder Mngomezulu - p.1-54   
 Sipho "shoes" Mazibuko - p.55-79   
 Lucky Mthimkulu "Chisa Boy" - p.80-102   
A2.2 Volume 2   
 Sidney Vincent Nkosi - p.1-27   
 Winnie Ngoanana Nkosi - p.28-43   
 Lucky Seepe - p.44-75   
 Sephiwe Leslie "Fusi" Mokoena - p.76-99   
A2.3 Volume 3   
 George Melusi Ndlozi - p.1-104   
 Aubrey "Mgidi" Radebe - p.105-141   
A2.4 Volume 4   
 Mahlomola Israel Mabote - p.1-41   
 Superintendent Simon Tsotetsi - p.42-59   
 Mandla AlfredSibeko - p.60-96   
 InspectorCharles Dlamini - p.97-126   
A2.5 Volume 5   
 Mlungisi Duke Tshabalala - p.1-38   
 Moses "Bla" Mduduzi Khubela - p.39-66   
 Jeremiah Mbongeni Mabuza - p.67-94   
 James Samfela Masoka - p.95-120   
A2.6 Volume 6   
 Bonko Solomon Nqose Mazibuko - p.1-31   
 Louis Sibeko - p.32-74   
 Mosa Dalton Msimango - p.75-114   
A2.7 Volume 7   
 Nkosinathi Jimmy Makhondo - p.1-31   
 MeshakTseko Thulo - p.32-74   
 Bongani Caswell Nkosa - p.75-119   
    
A3 SUMMARY OF INTERVIEWS   
    
 21 pages of a summary of the interviews, by Sally Sealey, 9 August 2004. 11 pages of overview of the interviews, 23 August 2004.   
    
A4 PHOTOGRAPHS   
 Stored on CD.   
    
    
    
INTERVIEWS WITH MEMBERS OF EX-32 BATTALION   
    
 This part of the collection consists of interviews with ex-members of the 32 Battalion, conducted by Angela McIntyre in 2006/2007. There are 92 interviews recorded on tape cassettes, which have all be converted to digital format.   
 Interviews conducted in English have been transcribed - marked with (t) - and are available as hardcopy and in digital format.   
    
B1 TAPES WITH INTERVIEWS AND RELATED ITEMS   
    
 Note: Interviews marked with (t) have been transcribed.   
    
B1.1 Gert Nel (t)   
 First official OC of 32 Bn; Centurion October 2005, 01:00:59   
B1.2 Colonel Breytenbach; Willie Ward (t)   
 Founder 32 Bn and original officer member; trained FNLA; life stories, Savannah; Cassinga raid; Sedgefield June 2005, 01:37:36   
B1.3 Colonel Breytenbach; Willie Ward (t)   
 Founder 32 Bn and original officer member; trained FNLA; life stories, Savannah; Cassinga raid; Sedgefield June 2005, 01:31:22   
B1.4 Nico van der Walt (t)   
 Officer; 32 Bn; secretary of veterans association; son of 32 Bn Commandant; Pretoria June 2005, 01:20:35   
B1.5 Colonel Breytenbach; Willie Ward (t)   
 Founder 32 Bn and original officer member; trained FNLA; life stories, Savannah; Cassinga raid; Sedgefield June 2005, 01:10:03   
B1.6 Coen Rieckert (t)   
 Officer; 32 Battalion; life history; Pretoria September 2005, 00:43:45   
B1.7 Johann Anderson (t)   
 Officer; 32 Bn; life history; Cape Town August 2005, 01:33:19   
B1.8 Piet Neetling (t)   
 Officer; 32 Bn; life history; Cape Town August 2005, 00:56:33   
B1.9 Kobus Mostert (t)   
 Officer; 32 Bn, life history; Cape Town August 2005, 00:50:50   
B1.10 Oppies Opperman (t)   
 Officer; 32 Bn, life history, good storyteller; Witbank September 2005, 01:22:10   
B1.11 Kevin Fitzgerald (t)   
 Officer; 32 Bn, life history, good political commentary; Johannesburg May 2005, 01:31:18   
B1.12 Kevin Fitzgerald (t)   
 Officer; 32 Bn, life history, good political commentary; Johannesburg May 2005, 01:08:27   
B1.13 Focus Group 32 Bn reconnaissance wing (t)   
 Savate operation (Angola 1980); Pretoria September 2005, 01:31:28   
B1.14 Focus Group 32 Bn reconnaissance wing (t)   
 Savate operation (Angola 1980); Pretoria September 2005, 01:37:45   
B1.15 Focus Group 32 Bn reconnaissance wing (t)   
 Savate operation (Angola 1980); Pretoria September 2005, 00:59:30   
B1.16 Sybie van der Spuy (t)   
 Reconnaissance commando; son of Bravo Group commandant; Pretoria September 2005, 01:31:11   
B1.17 Rowley Medlin   
 NCO, medical corps instructor, good storyteller; Pretoria October 2005, 00:55:45   
B1.18 Evaristo Kalupeteka   
 Angolan; FNLA; 32 Bn; Koevoet; Portuguese; Rustenburg October 2005, 00:49:38   
B1.19 Stefan van der Walt (t)   
 Officer; Bravo Group; operation Savannah, father of Nico (4); Brits November 2005, 00:42:46   
B1.20 Mucaba Joao   
 Angolan; original member; ex-FNLA; Portuguese; good narrative; Pomfret March 2005, 01:00:07   
B1.21 Alfredo Muema   
 Angolan; Refugee; 32Bn; Portuguese; Pretoria September 2005, 00:26:17   
B1.22 Jose Manuel Guerra Chimupi   
 Angolan; refugee; second generation 32 Bn; grew up at Buffalo Base; research assistant for missing voices; Pretoria September 2005, 01:14:03   
B1.23 no record   
B1.24 Group:F. Antonio, Kayata, Jumisse   
 Angolans; original 32 members; Portuguese; Pretoria September 2005, 01:06:51   
B1.25 no record   
B1.26 Miguel Manuel Faria/Dominga Faria   
 Married couple; original members of 32 Bn, ex-FNLA, op Savannah; Portuguese; Pomfret March 2005, 00:39:24   
B1.27 Antonio Quente   
 Angolan; FNLA; 32 Bn; Portuguese; Pretoria August 2005, 00:57:59   
B1.28 Antonio Kilola and focus group   
 Original member; ex-FNLA; good narrative but interrupted; Portuguese; Pomfret March 2005, 00:16:07   
B1.29 Fernando Francisco and group   
 Angolan; original member; ex-FNLA; good narrative but interrupted; Portuguese; Pomfret March 2005, 01:00:33   
B1.30 Malakia Ipinge (t)   
 Namibian; Koevoet; Cuanhama interpreted to English; Warmbad September 2005, 00:58:31   
B1.31 Andreas Leopard (t)   
 Namibian; Koevoet; Cuanhama interpreted to English; Warmbad September 2005, 00:59:20   
B1.32 Lenato   
 Namibian; Koevoet; Cuanhama interpreted to English; Warmbad September 2005, 00:45:13   
B1.33 Alexandrine   
 Namibian; wife of Koevoet member/ex-Chikuribi inmate; Rundu October 2005, 00:33:55   
B1.34 Mr Zig Zag (t)   
 Angolan; UNITA soldier; Rundu October 2005, 00:26:39   
B1.35 Maria Chilanda (t)   
 Angolan; refugee; Rundu, October 2005, 00:39:23   
B1.36 Georgina Beethoven Dala Cabinda (t)   
 Angolan; refugee, father in 32 Bn; principal at Pica Pau school in Pomfret; Pomfret June 2005, 00:48:15   
B1.37 Joao Pequeno dos Santos and group   
 Angolan, FNLA; 32 Bn; disabled; lots of interference; Pomfret March 2005, 00:45:49   
B1.38 Joao Augusto   
 Original members of 32 Bn; ex-FNLA; cannot speak after stroke so Antonio Kilola speaks for him; Pomfret March 2005, 00:34:22   
B1.39 Focus group   
 Original members of 32 Bn; ex-FNLA; rather disorganized; Portuguese; Pomfret March 2005, 01:05:03   
B1.40 Victor Chiulu   
 Angolan; FNLA; 32Bn; Portuguese; Pretoria June 2005, 00:32:31   
B1.41 Garcia Agostinho   
 Angolan; FNAL; 32 Bn; Portuguese; Pretoria June 2005, 00:55:39   
B1.42 32 Bn marching songs   
B1.43 Salmo Djuulume   
 Namibian; teacher; recollections of war stories; Ohango October 2005, 00:13:29   
B1.44 Erna Nuumbeme   
 Namibian; teacher; war recollections; Oshakati October 2005, 00:20:24   
B1.45 Meriame Nainda (t)   
 Refugee; human resources officer at 32 Bn Buffalo Base; director of Pomfret crche; English and Portuguese; Pomfret April 2005, 01:10:06   
B1.46 Johannes Angula   
 Namibian; teacher; recollections of war and colonial Namibia; Oshakati; October 2005, 00:19:32   
B1.47 Monika   
 Namibian; Vice principal of school; recollections of war; Oshakati October 2005, 00:10:42   
B1.48 Elizabeth   
 Namibian; youth; refugee; recollections of war; Oshakati October 2005, 00:08:05   
B1.49 Simeon William Mutumbo   
 Namibian; principal at secondary school; Oshakati October 2005, 01:29:07   
B1.50 Tusnelde Namolo   
 Angolan; school teacher, recollections of war; parents in exile; Oshakati 2005, 00:35:20   
B1.51 Domingos Sebastiao   
 Angolan; son of 32 Bn; teacher at Pica Pau school in Pomfret; Pretoria November 2005, 00:30:59   
B1.52 Bartolomeu Adriano   
 Angolan, refugee, son of 32 Bn; career in security; Pretoria November 2005, 00:58:20   
B1.53 Matias Kalenga   
 Angolan; abducted by MPLA; family members in Koevoet; Chokwe interpreted to English; Warmbad November 2005, 01:06:08   
B1.54 Benedito Kavanda   
 Ex-Bushman Battalion; Platfontein; Kwe interpreted to English. Needs to be translated properly; November 2005, 00:56:22   
B1.55 Katombela Mutombo   
 Ex-Bushman Battalion; Platfontein November 2005; Kwe interpreted to English. Needs to be translated properly, 00:51:39   
B1.56 Fulai Tshipipa   
 Ex-Bushman Battalion; Platfontein November 2005; Kwe interpreted to English. Needs to be translated properly, 00:52:10   
B1.57 Antonio Sabao   
 Ex-Bushman Battalion; Platfontein November 2005; Kwe interpreted to English. Needs to be translated properly, 01:04:28   
B1.58 Group   
 Ex-Bushman Battalion; Platfontein November 2005; Kwe interpreted to English. Needs to be translated properly, 01:25:07   
B1.59 Monato Masaka   
 Ex-Bushman Battalion; Platfontein November 2005; Kwe interpreted to English. Needs to be translated properly, 00:48:43   
B1.60 Tango Naka   
 Ex-Bushman Battalion; Platfontein November 2005; Kwe interpreted to English. Needs to be translated properly, 01:28:16   
B1.61 Bonito Ponte   
 Ex-Bushman Battalion; Platfontein November 2005; Kwe interpreted to English. Needs to be translated properly, 00:42:41   
B1.62 Malculino Samba   
 Ex-Bushman Battalion; Platfontein November 2005; Kwe interpreted to English. Needs to be translated properly, 00:50:42   
B1.63 Luis Samba   
 Ex-Bushman Battalion; Platfontein November 2005; Kwe interpreted to English. Needs to be translated properly, 00:57:41   
B1.64 Vasco Serneo   
 Ex-Bushman Battalion; Platfontein November 2005; Kwe interpreted to English. Needs to be translated properly, 00:30:46   
B1.65 Manuel Dias   
 Angolan; FNLA; 32 Bn; Portuguese; Pomfret January 2005, 01:09:06   
B1.66 Mayor Meshak   
 Mayor of Molopo district (Pomfret) with SABC Special Assignment crew; Pomfret January 2005, 01:05:20   
B1.67 Susan Bonnet (t)   
 Born and raised in Pomfret; shop owner; Afrikaans; Pomfret January 2005, 00:33:08   
B1.68 Funeral songs   
 Portuguese let tape run for 2 min before beginning; Pomfret January 2005, 00:20:57   
B1.69 Miguel Manuel Faria   
 Angolan; FNLA; Portuguese interpreted to English; Pomfret January 2005, 00:58:32   
B1.70 Kambinda   
 Pica Pau school principal; with SABC Special Assignment crew; Pomfret January 2005, 00:54:05   
B1.71 Willem Steenkamp   
 Author and SADF Veteran; CapeTown; May 2006, 01:31:40   
B1.72 Garth Hamilton   
 32 Veteran; Cape Town; May 2006, 00:46:28   
B1.73 Garth Hamilton   
 32 Veteran; Cape Town; May 2006, 01:37:08   
B1.74 Manuel Segunda   
 32 Veteran, Portuguese; n.d., 00:36:40   
B1.75 Daniel Ndala (t)   
 32 Veteran, Portuguese; n.d., 01:18:21   
B1.76 Armando Pedro (t)   
 32 Veteran; 29 November 2005, 01:20:27   
B1.77 Meriam Nainda (t)   
 32 Veteran Portuguese; n.d., 01:02:42   
B1.78 Monika Manuel   
 Pomfret ANC Counsellor; 21 March 2006, 00:37:22   
B1.79 Manuel Dala   
 32 Veteran; 20 March 2006, 00:57:09   
B1.80 The General   
 32 Veteran; August 2006, 00:39:02   
B1.81 Teachers-Pomfret   
 Teachers from Pomfret Secondary School English; n.d., 00:31:43   
B1.82 Andreas Manuel   
 Koevoet Veteran; 21 March 2006, 00:36:03   
B1.83 Col. Breytenbach (SABC interview)   
 Founding Officer Interview with SABC Special Assignment; 4 January 2006, 01:38:11   
B1.84 Tony Mnanza   
 32 Veteran; 21 March 2006, 00:16:58   
B1.85 J.M Manuel   
 32 Veteran, member of community committee, 22 March 2006, 01:30:59   
B1.86 A. Manuel   
 Koevoet Veteran, 27 November 2005, 00:24:47   
B1.87 Savate Veterans   
 Group interview, Pomfret 32 Veteran; n.d., 01:32:34   
B1.88 32 Photos   
 Operational photos from Angola; CD Rom   
B1.89 Tour of Pomfret Graveyard   
 Film; DVD   
B1.90 Adriano Batista,   
 Original member 32 Bn; Life history; Portuguese; Warmabad; September 2005; FNLA; September 2005, 00:39:27   
B1.91 Angela, McIntyre   
 Crossing Continents, South Africa; CD   
B1.92 Pomfret, Charles, DVD   
B1.93 Barend du Plessis, Pieter Kruger   
 Soldiers Friend, The blood splattered legacy of the border war in Southern Africa; DVD, CD   
B1.94 32 Battalion   
 The community of Pomfret; DVD   
B1.95 Pomfret 2007   
 Angelas Video; Amateur production; DVD   
B1.96 Memorial Service   
 Operation Savannah Veterans; DVD   
B1.97 The Bravest of the Brave   
 Propaganda film; DVD   
B1.98 32 Recce stories   
 Group interviews; DVD   
    
    
    
VARIOUS DOCUMENTATION ABOUT THE SOUTH AFRICAN BORDER WAR   
    
 Videos, news clips and articles, as well as copies of pamphlets, covering the involvement of South Africa in the armed conflicts particularly the border wars with Angola and Namibia, during the years of apartheid. these documents also relate to issues of memory and history, narratives about truth and remembering.   
    
C1 MULTIMEDIA   
    
C1a "South Africa's Border War: The last Domino", video by AJ Venter, CD-R   
C1b Washington Post News clips on the angolan War, 1972-1981, CD-R   
C1c New York Times News clips and articles on angola, 1960-1989, CD-R   
C1d SABC video, Special Assignment on Equatorial Guinea, undated, DVD-R   
C1e SABC video, Special Assignment on Buffalo Soldiers, 14/2/06, DVD-R   
C1f Oral History Resources, CD-R   
 Various articles on narratives, memory and history and gender, also containing Vol.6 of the TRC Report (823 pages)   
C1g Angola History Resources, CD-R   
 Various articles about the SA-Angolan war, Edoardo dos Santos Foundation, war and conflicts in Africa   
    
C2 HARDCOPY DOCUMENTS   
    
C2.1 An Internet generated list of books, articles, films and videos relating to the SADF, May 1997, 8 pages   
C2.2 Copies of MPLA pamphlets for the "Desert or Surrender" campaign aimed at SADF soldiers fighting in Angola, 8 pages   
C2.3 Copies of articles on:   
C2.4 Role of clandestine radio in Angola   
C2.5 Koevoet (Crowbar)   
C2.6 Cassinga massacre   
C2.7 Post Traumatic Stress Disorder   
C2.8 Mercenaries / Corporate Military   
C2.9 32 Battalion (Buffalo soldiers)   
C2.10 Pomfret   
C2.11 Operation "Askari"   
C2.12 Battle of Cuito Cuanavale   
    
    
    
INTERVIEWS WITH FORMER MEMBERS OF THE PERMANENT FORCE, NATIONAL SERVICEMEN AND CITIZEN FORCE   
    
 Tapes containing interviews with former members of the South African Military, from the Permanent Force, National Servicemen & Citizen Force. The interviews were conducted by Mike Cadman in August-September 2007.   
 Transcripts of the interviews are available in hardcopy anddigitally on CD 'D-F'. Cover note for interviewees is included.   
    
D1 Major Peter Schofield   
 Major in 1 Reconnaissance Regiment (parachute specialist); Northern Cape, 21 August 2007; 3 tapes, 00:39:59, 01:03:04, 00:57:26   
D2 Roy Vermaak   
 Lieutenant Colonel (at retirement) 1 Reconnaissance Regiment (Airborne specialist - parachutes, helicopters); Cullinan, 14 September 2007; 2 tapes, 00:59:19, 00:40:03   
D3 Richard Henry   
 National Servicemen & Citizen Force, various units; Johannesburg, 19 September 2007; 3 tapes, 00:58:03, 01:00:39, 00:34:13   
D4 John Keene   
 Regiment Sergeant Major, Rand Light Infantry; Johannesburg, 19 September 2007; 3 tapes, 00:59:32, 00:23:19, 00:46:29   
D5 Recce G, Name withheld   
 Soldier 1 Reconnaissance Regiment; Johannesburg, 8 September 2007; 2 tapes, 01:04:47, 00:56:09   
D6 National Serviceman   
 Ratel Commander; Johannesburg, 10 September 2007; 2 tapes, 00:56:17, 00:27:19   
D7 Dr M.   
 Doctor who did National Service; Johannesburg, 14 December 2007; 4 tapes, 00:59:58, 00:46:39, 01:35:26, 00:25:24   
D8 Anton Oberholzer   
 National Servicemen, 20mm Ratel gunner; Johannesburg, 13 January 2008; 2 tapes, 02:26:09, 01:32:26   
D9 Dr Colin Forbes   
 National Servicemen, doctor who worked in Angola; Amsterdam (SA), 4 November 2007; 2 tapes, 00:32:55, 00:57:33   
D10 John Dovey   
 National Servicemen, 6 South African Infantry (still involved in Reserve Forces); Durban, 14 February 2008; 2 tapes, 01:32:39, 00:11:11   
D11 Howard Fletcher   
 Former helicopter pilot in Namibia, Angola and elsewhere; Johannesburg, 15 January 2008; 2 tapes, 01:27:46, 00:33:58   
D12 Marius Pretorius   
 Lieutenant, 8 South African Infantry; Bloemfontain, 29 January 2008; 2 tapes, 01:30:07, 00:29:29   
D13 Marius Oberholzer   
 5 Signals Unit, bush Reconnaissance Regiment (Brush); Roodepoort, 14 January 2008; 2 tapes, 01:32:28, 00:40:52   
D14 Louis Heap   
 Colonel, Former commanding officer of 5 South African Infantry and commanding officer of Sector 10 (Durban and surrounds); Pietermaritzburg, 15 February 2008; 1 tape, 01:04:01   
D15 Henry Combrink   
 National Serviceman, computer specialist; Krugersdorp, 16 January 2008; 1 tape, 00:38:23   
D16 Peter Williams   
 32 Battalion; Durban, 15 February 2008; 2 tapes, 01:27:24, 00:48:43   
D17 Roelof Vorster   
 National Serviceman, Olifant tank commander; Johannesburg, 14 January 2008; 1 tape, 00:52:59   
D18 Jannie Geldenhuys   
 General, Chief of SADF 1985-1990; Pretoria, 10+14 April 2008; 7 tapes; 1 audio CD, no. 18a, 01:27:13, 01:33:45, 01:26:16, 00:05:46, 00:50:06, 01:20:30, 00:35:06   
D19 Peter Williamson   
 Citizen Force officer; Amanzintoti, 14 February 2008; 2 tapes, 01:23:06   
D20 Sarel Theron   
 90mm Ratel gunner; Amanzintoti, 13 February 2008; 2 tapes, 01:27:24, 00:37:25   
D21 George Meiring   
 General, chief of SADF 1993/1994 and first Chief of the South African National Defence Force 1994-1998, Pretoria, 14 April 2008; 2 tapes; 1 Audio CD, no.21a, 01:29:59, 00:27:48   
D22 Eddie Wesselo   
 Held a variety of senior positions in the Citizen Force and served as a commander in the South African Navy; Cape Town, 28 April 2008; 1 tape, 01:26:46   
D23 Frans van Niekerk   
 6 South African Infantry; Pretoria, 9 February 2008; 2 tapes, 01:28:07, 01:24:48   
D24a Dr Anthony Turton   
 National Serviceman, Citizen Force (Light horse Regiment) and senior officer in National Intelligence Agency (retired at rank equivalent to a Colonel); Krugersdorp, 26 + 28 April 2008; 7 tapes; 1 Audio CD, no. 24a, 01:24:51, 01:27:10, 01:27:45, 01:29:26, 01:30:10, 01:35:11, 00:35:20   
D24b Ansie Turton   
 Wife of Anthony Turton, spoke of her experience within the intelligence community and also of shared experience of living with an intelligence operative; Krugersdorp, 28 April 2008; 1 tape; 1 Audio CD, no.24b, 00:42:01   
D25 Chris Serfontein   
 Major General, commanded numerous battle groups fighting in Angola. Commander of Sector 10 (Ovamboland and parts of Kavango) in 1988-1989; Oudtshoorn, 9 May 2008; 3 tapes; 1 Audio CD, no.25a, 01:10:04, 01:29:34, 00:38:18   
D26 Brian Rodgers   
 1 Parachute Battalion; Johannesburg, 17 April 2008; 2 tapes; 1 Audio CD, no.26a, 02:12:42, 00:43:55   
D27 Paul Fouche   
 Colonel, Infantry and commander of units involved in some battles around Cuito Cuanavale; Durban, 15 April 2008; 2 tapes; 1 Audio CD, no.27a, 01:24:42, 00:04:58   
D28 Trevor Samson   
 Storeman Kimberley; Kimberley, 27 April 2008; 1 tape, 00:20:16   
D29 Ruvan Boshof   
 14 Field artillery but worked as a photographer; Cape Town, 27 April 2008; 1 tape, 01:51:57   
D30 Dewald Hattingh   
 Second in command of 201 Battalion (Bushman battalion); Pretoria, 17 April 2008; 4 tapes; 1 Audio C, no.30a, 01:31:57, 01:28:09, 01:32:00, 00:45:46   
D31 Sven Kreher   
 National Serviceman, anti aircraft; Johannesburg, 22 February 2008; 1 tape, 00:51:35   
D32 Mike Huxtable   
 Officer in Military Intelligence; Johannesburg, 26 February 2008; 1 tape, 01:10:11   
D33 Robert de Vries   
 National Serviceman, Lieutenant 3 SAI; Pretoria; n.d.   
    
    
    
INTERVIEWS WITH FORMER MEMBERS OF THE SECRET SERVICE   
    
 Audio tapes containing an interview with a former member of the South African Secret Service, whichwas held by Mike Cadman in 2007.   
 A Transcript of the interview isavailable as hardcopy anddigitally on CD 'D-F'.   
    
E1 Steve Smit   
 Former National Intelligence Services officer; Durban, 6 August 2007; 4 tapes, 01:01:09, 01:04:44, 01:03:07, 00:55:25   
    
    
    
RELATED STORIES (INTERVIEWS)   
    
 Audio tapes containing interviews with relatives of soldiers, war resisters and with military analysts.   
 Transcripts of the interviews are available as hardcopy anddigitally on CD 'D-F'.   
    
F1 Patti McDonald   
 Worked for the South African War Resisters organization in London. Left South africa when her husband went into exile to avoid conscription; Johannesburg, 22 February 2008; 1 tape, 00:44:35   
F2 Marie Human   
 Worked as an actress and presented a few plays in the operational area. Also spoke of the experiences of her brothers who serve in the military; Johannesburg, 20 February 2008; 1 tape, 00:35:45   
F3 Hemoed Romer Heitman   
 Military analyst; Cape Town, 13 November 2007; 3 tapes, 01:27:26, 00:27:18, 00:20:07   
F4 Dr Leopold Scholtz   
 Military analyst and historian; Cape Town, 19 November 2007; 1 tape, 01:11:11   
    
    
    
DOCUMENTATION RELATING TO SECTIONS D-F   
    
G1a CD containing the digital format of some of the hardcopy documents in Section H   
G2 "My time with 32 Btn and other Units on the boarder 1977 to 1983", Speech by Commander Eddie Wesselo in 2000   
G3 25 years National Intelligence   
G4 "Shaking hands with Billy: The private memoirs of Anthony Richard Turton", by AR Turton, 2006 (RESTRICTED ACCESS - SEE DISCLAIMER)   
G5 Namibia Operation Merlyn, Afrikaans   
G6 "SADF Soldiers", a CD containing digital images and document as listed:   
G6.1 "Army Memorabilia" of former members of the SADF, including:   
 Eddie Wesselo - Memories, with photos and a Power Point presentation of 32 talk, "My service in the SADF/SANDF and on the border, with the focus on 32 battalion"   
 Frans van Niekerk - Various memorables like military pass, SADF propaganda items etc.   
 John Duguid - "SA Navy Marines, 1975-1990, A brief History" commander John Duguid   
 Roloef Vorster - Army documentation eg. Drivers licence, Leaders book, Officer's credo, Photos from the SADF and School of Armour, Publication "Corbadus"   
G6.2 "Operation Protea", August-September 1981, Photoalbum and written documentation   
G6.3 "Operation Sceptic", May-June 1980, Photoalbum and written documentation   
G6.4 War Resistance, newspaper clip of a protest action opposite the South African Embassy in London in 1983   
G7 "Soldier's verse: An anthology of poetry", by John Dovey (ed.)   
    
    
    
RELEVANT ARTICLES AND DOCUMENTS   
    
H1 Glossary of South african military slang   
H2 Heads of Services, South African Defence Force (SADF) 1912-1994   
H3 A listing of relevant websites and bibliography   
    
H4 Other relevant documents:   
H4.1 Operations Moduler and Hooper 1987/1988 - Helmoed-Romer Heitman (a discussion of the battles in Southern Angola. Heitman is a military analyst.   
H4.2 Breaking Ranks: Secrets, Silences and Stories of South Africa's border war - Professor Gary Baines, Rhodes University, Grahamstown. (Paper delivered at the War, virtual War and Human Security Conference Budapest, 2007)   
H4.3 The Battle for Cassinga Conflicting Narratives and Contested Meanings. Professor Gary Baines, Rhodes University Grahamstown. 2007.   
H4.4 The Cassinga Raid - General Edward McGill Alexander (MA Thesis 2003)   
H4.5 The Namibian Border War: An appraisal of the South African Strategy - Dr Leopold Scholtz, Extraordinary Professor, Department of History, Stellenbosch University. (To be lodged along side the transcript of the interview conducted with him October 2007.)   
H4.6 The nature and extent of South Africa's involvement in the Angolan conflict. SADF Press release, May 1977. (This relates to operation Savannah which was conducted in Angola from October 1975 - January 1976.)   
H4.7 Operation Quartz - Richard Alport - military historian   
H4.8 Operation Uric: Gaza Mozambique - 1-7 September 1979. - Alex Binda. An account of the last major cross border attacks by Rhodesian forces. South african aircraft and some ground soldiers participated in these attacks.   
H4.9 Reminiscences of Wayne Brider - national servicemen who served with 2 SAI during 1987-1988 and participated in Operations Hooper and Moduler near Cuito Cuanavale. Posted on the Sentinel Projects website.   
H4.10 Reminiscences of D Kirkman, 7 SAI who served in Angola and Namibia. Posted on the Sentinel Projects website.   
H4.11 Reminiscences of a national serviceman, 3 SAI, 1982-1984 and camps to 1988. Posted on the Sentinel Projects website.   
H4.12 Reminiscences of DR Walker. Posted on the Sentinel Projects website.   
H4.13 Reminiscences of a national serviceman. School of armour - 4 SAI, Operation Hooper 1987-88. An account of some of the fighting around Cuito Cuanavale and other military experiences. Sentinal Projects   
H4.14 Study on the reintegration of Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), Azanian People's Liberation Army (APLA) and South African Defence force (SADF) Special Forces veterans into society.   
H4.15 First edition of Army Talk online publication April 2008. (Includes material on the attack on Cassinga).   
H4.16 Counter-Insurgency in Rhodesia - dr JK Celliers. Croom Helm and Kent. UK, 1985   
H4.17 Helicopter Warfare in Rhodesia - Dr JRT Wood. Parts I. This also provides some information about the role of South africans in the war. Wood is an academic who specializes in the history of Rhodesia. Part II - Helicopter Warfare in Rhodesia - JRT Wood.   
H4.18 Operation Carlota - Gabriel Garcia Marquez, 1967. An article published in a number of newspapers written about Cuba's deployment of troops in angola. Marquez, a Columbian, is a winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature.   
H4.19 Compliance compulsion and Contest : Aspects of Military Conscription in South Africa, 1952-1992. Graeme Callister. MA dissertation, University of Stellenbosch, 2007.   
H4.20 Scientia Militaria - South African Journal of Military Studies, Vol.30, no.2, 2000. The militarisation of South African white society, 1948-1990. McGill Alexander. McGill Alexander served in the SADF as a paratrooper and finally left the military with the rank of Major General.   
H4.21 Kabinetsvoorlighting - 1981. Briefing to the South African cabinet during a meeting to the operational area in Northern Namibia (then South West Africa). The document reveals that the military commanders told the cabinet that they believed they could win a "shooting war" in Namibia and Angola lbut said that politicians would have to improve the conditions under which black people lived in South Africa if the ideological war in the country was to be won.   
H4.22 Organograms explaining National Service, Citizen Force and Commando requirements. Also organogram explaining the structure of the Defence Force in 1982. (Five pages). Source Paratus Magazine and Robertson Pacifist Collection (Historical Papers, William Cullen Library, A2558/12.2-12.3   
H4.23 Apartheid's Military: Its Origins and Development, Annette Seegers. From: The State of Apartheid, Ed. W James. Lynne Riener, Boulder, Colorado, 1987.   
H4.24 The uniformed web that sprawls across the country. Anton Harber, Weekly Mail, October 1986.   
H4.25 Examples of SADF press releases announcing military incidents, Windhoek, 1987.   
H4.26 Examples of SADF press releases announcing the deaths soldiers and releasing their names, 1988.   
H4.27 Telex from Cuban Ministry of Defence 1988 relating to action in Angola.   
H4.28 Examples of messages posted on SA Bush War Veterans website.   
H4.29 Examples of messages posted on SA Soldier Website   
H4.30 In Praise of the humble P**s Boekie. A light hearted article about the photo-story and pin-up magazines read by many soldiers serving in the SADF during the 1970's and 1980's   
H4.31 Ethnicity, Integration and the South African armed Forces. Greg Mills and Geoffrey Wood. South African Defence Review, Issue 12, 1993.   
H4.32 Various Paratus - SADF Magazine.   
H4.33 Conscientious Objection, Military files from South African National Defence Force archives in Pretoria.   
H4.34 Killings, Summary Executions and Assaults by South African Police and Military Forces in Namibia. July 1988 to July 1989, by International Defence & Aid Fund for Southern Africa (IDAF), 16 August 1989.   
H4.35 "The Death Squad Habit", by Jacques Pauw, New Era, Summer 1991.   
    
    
    
ANOTHER MISSING VOICE   
    
I1 Transcript of one interview conducted by Gary Kynoch with Robert McBride, 20 pages, 21 June 2006, Johannesburg   
I2 Transcript of one interview conducted by Gary Kynoch with Duma Nkosi, Thokoza ANC and SDU, 27 June 2008, Ekurhuleni   
    
    
    
PROPAGANDA PUBLICATIONS   
    
J1 Publications aimed at young conscriptors   
J1.1 "Grensvegter" Rocco De Wet. A comic type booklet relating a couple's involvement in border operations.   
J1.2 "Diensplig: Sal ek kan vasbyt?" Geestelike voorbereiding vir almal wat gaan diensplig doen deur, ds. Japie Malan, 1987. A booklet providing advise for school leaving conscriptors. The second page of the booklet leaves a space for a dedication to a friend.   
J1.3 "Ek self sal voor jou uit gaan" Dagstukke vir die moeder van die dienspligtige, by Junita Joubert, published by Lux Verbi, 1986. Booklet offering guidance to mothers of prospective conscriptors.   
    
J2 The Art of War: An Introduction to military art in South Africa, pamphlet by L. Jooste, Military Information Bureau, South African Defence Force, n.d.   
J3 Desert or Surrender, copies of propaganda cartoons, photos and text   
    
    
    
KOEVOET   
    
 15 interviews with Namibian Koevoet members who came to South Africa in 1990, and background material relating to the Vingerkraal community, where most of them settled. Also included their legal challenge for compensation as former Koevoet members. The interviews were taken between July-October 2012.   
    
 Digital records only, except item K2.5. All items are accessible in the Reading Room.   
    
K1 Interviews, July-October 2012   
    
K1.1 Hernut, son of Koevoet soldier, 29 July 2012   
K1.2 Jaoa, Koevoet policeman, Afrikaans, 22 July 2012   
K1.3 Johannes, Koevoet, Afrikaans, 22 July 2012   
K1.4 Joseph, son of Koevoet soldier, 29 July 2012   
K1.5 Koevoet policeman Lourens, Afrikaans, 17 October 2012   
K1.6 Koevoet policeman Lourens, Afrikaans, 22 July 2012   
K1.7 Koevoet policeman Lourens, Afrikaans, 22 July 2012   
K1.8 Koevoet policeman Mattheus, Afrikaans, 17 October 2012   
K1.9 Kundembe, Koevoet policeman, 29 July 2012   
K1.10 Lourens, Koevoet, Afrikaans, 22 July 2012   
K1.11 Lourens, Koevoet, Afrikaans, 22 July 2012   
K1.12 Mattheus, Koevoet, 17 October 2012   
K1.13 Mattias, Koevoet soldier, Afrikaans, 22 July 2012   
K1.14 Nesmus, Koevoet fighter, Afrikaans, 22 July 2012   
K1.15 Wife of a Koevoet fighter, Afrikaans, 29 July 2012   
    
    
K2 Background material   
    
K2.1 Koevoet videos   
 Videos which were posted on YouTube   
K2.2 Koevoet maps   
 Maps showing the movements of Koevoet members who came to South Africa in 1990   
K2.3 Photographs   
K2.3.1 Photos showing life at Vingerkraal, Limpopo Province. A few hundred former Koevoet members have lived there since 1994. Also showing Masakane, South of Bela Bela where some Koevoet people later moved.   
K2.3.2 Photos of a trip by former Koevoet members to Historical Papers, including Lourens Masore, the local "kaptein" or "induna"   
K2.3.3 Photos of a meeting attended by a Bela Bela councilor   
    
K2.4 12 relevant news and magazine articles about Koevoet   
K2.5 Other documents   
 Including copies of examples of Koevoet police identity documents; severance packages from the South African Police; list of recommended sources - 1f